Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:83:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1148;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:81:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:181;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:89:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:24;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:79:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:136;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:178:\"Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:229;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_area::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:81;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:133:\"Declaration of views_handler_area_text::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area_text.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:121;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:305;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:400;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:75:\"Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:46:\"Only variables should be assigned by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:342;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716149) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:96:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:148:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:100:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:15;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:116:\"Declaration of views_handler_relationship::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:90:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_relationship.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:149;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camouflage', '', '3.84.139.101', 1563716150) in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134
Complement Camouflage | Natural History Magazine

Complement Camouflage

After nibbling on human cells, amoebae (green) show human proteins (red with blue nuclei) on their surface.

Hannah Miller

Amoebae represent a vast range of single-celled organisms that share an ability to change their shape, extending blobby pseudopods to move around and engulf other cells for food. Several years ago, researchers discovered that the parasitic, diarrhea-causing amoeba Entamoeba histolytica sometimes just nibbled host cells, rather than swallowing them whole. Now, a member of that research team has found that such nibbling, known as trogocytosis, also allows an amoeba to hide from its host’s immune system.

The new study, conducted by Katherine Ralston and colleagues at the University of California, Davis, tracked the interactions between E. histolytica and cells from its human hosts. When E. histolytica were mixed with human cells, amoebae that had engaged in trogocytosis displayed the human cells’ proteins on their own membranes. In contrast, amoebae that had swallowed human cells whole did not show human proteins on their membranes, suggesting that trogocytosis was specifically needed for protein display.

In human cells, such proteins prevent them from being targeted by immune system proteins, known as complement. The researchers hypothesized that displaying the stolen human proteins on their external membranes camouflaged the amoebae, allowing them to avoid being attacked by complement. This was experimentally confirmed. Complement completely wiped out those amoebae that did not engage in trogocytosis. Post-trogocytosis, complement-disguised amoebae remained unhurt, free to roam the body, unhindered.

“Growing awareness of this ‘complement camouflage’ helps us to understand how a pathogen can survive in our bodies, despite how powerful the complement system is in protecting us from infection,” said Ralston. As E. histolytica, the causative agent of amebiasis, infects tens of millions and kills tens of thousands of people annually, understanding how to expose the amoebae to the immune system could save many lives.

Still, many details remain to be worked out, including which proteins are stolen in the process and how the amoebae go about exhibiting them to patrolling immune system components. “We are a long way from counteracting this process therapeutically,” Ralston added, “but understanding the microbe and the pathogenesis of the disease is the first step towards better therapies.” (mBio)


Warning: Duplicate entry '749809541' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:350:\"Table './naturalh_drupalprod/accesslog' is marked as crashed and should be repaired\nquery: INSERT INTO accesslog (title, path, url, hostname, uid, sid, timer, timestamp) values('Complement Camouflage', 'node/3681', '', '3.84.139.101', 0, 'cbb6458156c338794eb9fa0b4bfbd682', 884, 1563716150)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/naturalh/public_html/modules/statistics/statistics.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:63;}', 3, '', 'http://naturalhistorymagazine.com/samplings/073681/complement-camoufla in /home/naturalh/public_html/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134